Meaning of place names in Culcheth


On any Saxon map of England on south Lancashire region, you will soon find the position of "Calchuth" or "Celchyth." On these very early maps and deeds the name is also written as "Kilcheth," "Kylchith," and "Kilshaw." It is believed to derive from the Celtic, 'at the edge of a wood,' 'black wood' or 'retreat in a wood.' Although the less likely Anglo-Saxon alternative, 'shoe-shaped heath' has also been suggested. Culcheth's name first appears in Norman times.


The name "Twiss" meaning 'the place where two streams meet,' which they do! Thus the "green" of the village formerly sat on a tongue of land between two streams.


Hob Hey Lane is of great interest from a linguistic point of view. A "Hob" was an ancient country demon. A "hey" was an enclosure, often fenced and especially in forests…… Do we have here the location of a "demon in the wood clearing" otherwise known as an ancient pagan of druidic grove?!